Year 2016 , Volume  5, Issue 1, Part 1
1Using the KSDM Methodology for Knowledge Discovery from An Employment Domain where Repeated Very Short Serial Measures with a Blocking Factor are Present
JORGE RODAS and GABRIELA ALVARADO
Pages: 1-11
Details (1077)
To present the Knowledge Discovery in Serial Measurement (KDSM) methodology for analyzing repeated very short serial measures with a blocking factor. An application to employment the domain is described using KDSM. Novel knowledge about labor domain's behavior was obtained once KDSM was applied to this specific domain. KDSM has shown that important information has been missed, especially when the kind of data explained in this paper is analyzed with common statistical methods and artificial intelligence techniques, independently employed. Key Words: KDSM Methodology, Employment Domain, Repeated very short Serial Measures, Knowledge Discovery.
2Impact on Internal Control System According to Committee of Sponsoring Organizations (COSO) to Reduce Illegal Financial Transactions in Commercial Bank Listed in Amman Stock Exchange
ZEYAD ABDELHALEEM ALTHEEBEH and MOHAMMAD TAYSEER SULAIMAN
Pages: 12-23
Details (1771)
This study aimed to identify the effect of internal control according to committee of sponsoring organization to reduce illegal financial transactions, specially money laundering transactions in commercial banks listen in Amman Stock Exchange. The researchers adopted an analytical descriptive approach. A specially – designed questionnaire was given to a (13) commercial bank. This questionnaire was given especially to (financial manager, internal auditing manager, internal auditing), each bank took only (3) questionnaire collected back (33) questionnaire from bank. Which is a named (85%), the researcher used analytical program which is spss to analyze this data. The study came up with the existence of a positive effect of the independent variable of the study (combined and separated) to reduce money laundering in commercial bank , the most effective was information and communication and low effective was performance monitoring , according to sample population. This study recommended using committee of sponsoring organization (COSO) in most of commercial bank, especially in control environment and improving it as they can. Key Words: Internal Control System, Organization, Stock Exchange, Amman.
3Assessing Impacts of Organizational Factors on Knowledge Sharing Behavior in Iraqi Textile Industry
AMAL GHALIB RASHID and ZAINAL ARIFFIN AHMAD
Pages: 24-35
Details (2029)
This study aims investigating the theory of knowledge based view (KBV) how organizational factors (organizational culture, organizational trust and incentives) affect knowledge sharing behavior in the textile industry in Iraq. Based on KBV, the study employed quantitative approach in analyzing the hypotheses using Pearson Correlation and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The study proposes that there are positive effects of organizational factors in the context of knowledge sharing. A total of 399 questionnaires were distributed among the managers in the Iraqi textile industry. The response rate was about 91% corresponding to 361. The findings show that knowledge sharing behaviors in Iraqi textile industry are positively affected by organizational culture, organizational trust and incentives. Therefore, the result suggests that within public sector organizations such as the Iraqi textile manufactories, can affect knowledge sharing behavior. The study empirically contributes considerable theoretically on knowledge sharing in the public sector, especially in developing countries like Iraq. Key Words: Organizational Culture, Organizational Trust, Incentives, and Knowledge Sharing Behavior.
4Identifying the determinants of ICT success in Tunisian Companies Using the Resource-Based View
MERIEM SKIK
Pages: 36-47
Details (1143)
Although the Solow Paradox appears to have been exceeded, neither the effective contribution of ICT to improve performance, nor the factors of their efficient use, are not yet clearly established. This research aims to highlight the moderating role played by the organizational mechanisms in the genesis of performance through the use of ICT. The conceptual model mobilizing the Resource-Based View and the strategic alignment theory was tested on 113 Tunisian firms that have invested in ICT. The hypothesis testing using the Partial Least Square (PLS) method has demonstrated the important role of the innovativeness of employees and managers. On the other hand, neither the ICT strategic alignment, nor the organizational adaptability, did prove to be significant throughout this research. Key Words: Resource-Based View (RBV), ICT Use, Strategic Alignment, Performance, Productivity Paradox.
5The Impact of Learning Orientation on Innovation and Performance in SMES in Mexico
MARIA DEL CARMEN MARTINEZ SERNA, JAVIER EDUARDO VEGA MARTINEZ and JOAQUIN VEGA MARTINEZ
Pages: 48-64
Details (1794)
Innovation has been identified in literature as a capacity that must be developed in order to ensure the best performance of the companies, in Mexico are few the empirical studies in order to know the strategic orientations that shall be developed in order to increase the innovation levels. This study used a sample of 350 small and medium companies, to which a poll was sent to its top management positions or owners, in order to identify if the learning orientation influences in obtaining better levels of innovation in the context of SMEs and that such influence impacts to its better performance. The results indicate that the learning orientation is a good predictor to improve the innovation and the performance of the company. Key Words: Learning Orientation, Innovation, Performance, Small and Medium Enterprises.
6The Influence of Workplace Bullying on Employees Job Performance, Job Satisfaction and Turnover Intention in a Newly Established Private Hospital
EDIP SABAHATTIN METE and ALEV SOKMEN
Pages: 65-79
Details (5516)
This paper presents a study conducted at a private hospital in the province of Ankara, which examined the effects of workplace bullying among the healthcare staff on the job performance, job satisfaction and turnover intention. It was determined that there was a positive relationship between the workplace bullying behaviors towards the individuals and the turnover intention, whereas a negative relationship was observed between the workplace bullying and the job performance. In addition, a negative relationship was determined between job satisfaction and turnover intention. Within the scope of this study, the path analysis modeling, which is considered applicable among the structural equation modeling types and which aims to study the relationship grids among the observed variables, was considered. The values defined as Goodness of Fit Indices enabled the decision of the acceptability of each model as a whole by the data. The findings obtained within the scope of the analysis demonstrated that the factor structure in general sense was within the acceptable limits. Key Words: Workplace Bullying, Job Satisfaction, Job Performance, Turnover Intention.
7Brand Evangelism Among Online Brand Community Members
HASNIZAM SHAARI and INTAN SHAFINAZ AHMAD
Pages: 80-88
Details (1599)
In todays’ digital age, the way consumer interacts with other consumers as well as organization had changed dramatically. Benefited from social media development, online brand community had recognized as powerful alternative media that could contribute to overall brand success. Among others, online brand community could significantly affect brand evangelism or brand referral behaviors. As previous studies attempt to examine how members of online brand community commitment determine their brand satisfaction, loyalty and repurchase intention, this study attempts to extend the understanding on how members’ brand community commitment influenced brand evangelism. This study conceptualized brand evangelism into two constructs namely positive brand referral and oppositional brand referral. Beside, brand congruity also plays a crucial role in building brand community commitment. The study among 138 members of online brand communities revealed that brand congruity has a significant relationship on brand community commitment and brand evangelism dominated by positive brand referral. Brand community commitment also found to partially mediate the relationship of brand congruity and brand evangelism. Implication and future research direction also were highlighted at the end of this article. Key Words: Marketing, Brand Congruity, Brand Community Commitment, Brand Evangelism.
8Influence of Japan and U.S. Stock Return Volatility in Asia Two Stock Markets: Empirical Study of Taiwan and Korea Countries
HUEI-CHING CHEN, YAO-CHENG TSAI and WANN-JYI HORNG
Pages: 89-96
Details (970)
The empirical results show that the dynamic conditional correlation (DCC) and the bivariate AIGARCH (1, 1) model is appropriate in evaluating the relationship of the Taiwan’s and the Korea’s stock markets. The empirical result also indicates that the Taiwan’s and the Korea’s stock markets is a positive relation. The average estimation value of correlation coefficient equals to 0.6554, which implies that the two stock markets is synchronized influence. Besides, the empirical result also shows that the Taiwan’s and the Korea’s stock markets have an asymmetrical effect. The return volatility of the Taiwan and the Korea stock markets receives the influence of the positive and negative values of the Japan and the U.S. stock return volatilities. Under the good news of Japan and U.S. stock markets, the empirical result also shows that the Taiwan and the Korea stock markets can reduce the fixed variation risk. Key Words: Stock Market, Asymmetric Effect, IGARCH Model, AIGARCH Model.
9Women as Directors and Corporate Social Responsibility in Nigeria
EMILIA YAROSON and GLORIA GIWA
Pages: 97-105
Details (2703)
Although women in Nigeria are faced with gender discrimination and stereotyping which sometimes may affect their ability to fully contribute to corporate strategy decisions, there are however an increasing representation of women on corporate boards in the country. In this paper we therefore try to examine the effect women as board of directors have on corporate social responsible (CSR) decisions for conglomerates in Nigeria over a period from 2005 -2014. Our belief is that gender diversity will increase firms’ socially responsible behaviors. The findings from our analysis justify our proposition of a statistically significant relationship between female directors on a corporate board and corporate social responsibility decisions as represented by charitable giving. However, the number of women on board may not exceed two as this will lead to larger board sizes and conflict of guidelines. The study therefore proposes that more reflection of gender inclusive leadership should be embraced by management and government alike if they are to tap the benefits associated with corporate social responsibility. Key Words: Gender Diversity, Corporate Social Responsibility, Nigeria.
10A Framework and Tools for Indigenous Knowledge Human Capital Measurement in a Young Generation
LANTHOM JONJOUBSONG and NATAPORN THAMMABUNWARIT
Pages: 106-116
Details (1639)
Indigenous knowledge-indigenous vegetable knowledge is fragile to lose with several reasons, but it pays important roles in food and income earning for local. Human capital (HC) measurement would be a part of human capital processes to determine the level of HC. This study aims to propose an indigenous knowledge human capital measurement framework and tools to monitor the HC in young generation. The framework for indigenous knowledge human capital measurement is different from frameworks used to measure HC under organizational and human resource department contexts. The framework comprises four elements to be measured—formal HC (HC processes and learning resources), tacit HC (knowledge, skills and experience), behavior HC and values of HC (attitudes to the purposes and benefits of the HC). The framework was transferred into tools for measuring. There were two questionnaires to use with elementary students and their parents. The in-depth interview session will be used to evaluate the values of HC with the students, and a learning resource checking list to evaluate a part of formal HC. The study has been conducted with design science research in order to design the framework and tools, and to evaluate the tools. The questionnaires were evaluated with reliability test by using Cronbach’ alpha coefficient with the results at 0.3 to 0.97. The study was taken place with the elementary school students at Yangdaeng School in Sanamchaikate district, Chacheonsao province in eastern region of Thailand, their parents and their teachers. Key Words: Human Capital, Human Capital Measurement, Indigenous Knowledge, Young Generation.