Year 2020 , Volume  9, Issue 2, Part 2
1Organizational Politics as Antecedent of Stress in Public Sector Universities of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Pages: 150-161
Details (383)
This quantitative study aims to examine the relation between organizational politics and job stress among the faculty members serving in different public sector universities of the province, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Changes in working environments contribute to job stress. Stresses can be deterred by primary preventance, such as focused job design and growth in administration, secondary avoidance such as learning, etc. Weaknesses are correlated with stress such as work material, work loft, working hours, controls and career advancement, organizational role, interpersonal businesses and employing company tradition. 146 participants were selected using proportionate sampling techniques and data were collected using two different structured questionnaires, Job Anxiety-Stress (JAS) questionnaire consisted of 11 questions, Perceptions of Organizational Politics Scale (POPS) consisted of 12 questions. The hypotheses were evaluated using the Regression and correlation analysis, the results show that a significant correlation exists between organizational politics and job stress. The implications of this analysis are discussed. In this study the implications for the organizational policies and job stress in the at university sector were discussed with a view to improving standards.
Keywords: Organizational Politics, Power at Work, Job Stress, Managing Stress, Job Satisfaction.
2Investigation of Organizational Agility Perceptions of Business People in a Low-Income Province
Pages: 162-179
Details (362)
The purpose of this research is to examine the perception levels of the business people operating in a low income province in Turkey regarding the organizational agility of the business for which they work and whether they differ in terms of some demographic variables. Yozgat, which is one of a low-income province, is chosen for sampling. In this research, which is designed as single survey model, one of the quantitative research models, organizational agility scale was applied to business people working in different sectors. As a result of the analysis of the data obtained from 224 business people, it was found that the organizational agility perceptions towards the organizations of the business people and the competency, flexibility and responsiveness subscales scores forming the scale were high and the quickness subscale score was very high. In addition, the organizational agility perceptions of business people towards their organizations were examined in terms of different demographic variables.
Keywords: Organizational Agility, Business Person.
3Impact of Green Purchase Intention of Pakistani Millennials on Buying Environmentally Friendly Products
Pages: 180-192
Details (289)
This paper explains the practice of purchasing environmentally friendly products through reasoned action theories (Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA) and Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB)) in a developing country. Owing to the lack of precedents in the study setting, the study first validated the empirical scales for measuring psychosocial drivers of behaviour using exploratory as well as confirmatory factor analyses. Subsequently, the study validated the aforementioned models using structural equation modelling, and also integrated the socio-demographic characteristics as precursor variables in the model with the greatest predictive power. Results of the study depicted that while the TRA and TPB explain the behaviour well, it is the construct of knowledge, consciousness and concern of the consumer that best reflected a consumer’s behaviour. The study has numerous implications for vendors operating in developing countries who sell environmentally friendly products, as the validated scales and models can be used to assess the individual perceptions regarding such products and to design effective communication strategies respectively.
Keywords: Green Purchase Behavior, Green Purchase Intention, Environmental Concern, Environmental Attitude, Structural Equational Modeling.
4Impact of Ethical Leadership on Employees Helping Behavior: Role of Moral Attentiveness and Moral Courage
Pages: 193-206
Details (738)
In the overriding context of massive risk, leaders are faced with the tough decision of making ethically sound decisions. By acting with moral courage, leaders couple managerial decisions with ethical principles, bringing long-term benefits for the organization. Researchers proposed that leaders with moral courage will be seen as ethical role models by their followers, who as a result, will be increasingly motivated to replicate their behavior, ensuring they do the right thing for their organization in due time. Bandura’s Social learning theory has been deployed to explain the proposed theoretical framework. The theoretical framework of this study was tested by collecting data from the employees of education sector (Both Public and Private), all located within twin cities. Results indicated mediation effects of moral attentiveness and moderation of moral courage in the relationship of ethical leadership and helping behavior.
Keywords: Moral Attentiveness, Moral Courage, Ethical Leadership, Helping Behavior.
5Confrontational Phases and Imperfections of Organizational-Injustice in the workspace (Validation from Government-Sector Development Financial Institutions of Pakistan)
Pages: 207-221
Details (382)
This investigation examines the sources pertained to organizational-injustice (ORIJ) and by what means this injustice effects workers’ occupation consequences in government sector development financial institutions in Pakistan. Two-models remained developed and observed aiming at justifying the investigation objectives. Information was acquired by means of a simple random sampling method. Sample comprised of 253 personnel of government sector development financial institutions occupied time-tested questionnaires. Adoption of Multiple regression for checking hypothesis. For appraising ORIJ indirect influence on Organizational-performance due to workers’ job-dissatisfaction; Preacher and Hayes of mediation test was adopted. The consequences reveal that ORIJ negatively influences affective-commitment and perceived-organizational-performance. Furthermore, job-dissatisfaction influences the association in organizational-injustice, perceived-organizational-performance, and affective-commitment. Prior to this study, some investigations have revealed the reasons and significances of ORIJ in the other emerging economies.
Keywords: Organizational-injustice (ORIJ), Job-Dissatisfaction (JBDS), Affective-commitment (AFCT), Perceived-ORPF (PROP), Distributive-Injustice (DBIJ), Procedural-Injustice (PRIJ), Interactional-Injustice (IAIJ), Organizational-Performance (ORPF).
6Urbanization, Industrialization, Economic Growth, Energy Consumption and Environmental Damage Nexus: Evidence from Four Highly Populated Asian Countries
Pages: 222-231
Details (366)
Urbanization and industrialization are key factors of economic growth in most of countries which required a lot of energy use, but all the variables are the threat to environmental degradation. The present work is an attempt to test empirically the impact of urbanization, industrialization, growth of economy and energy consumption in four highly populated Asian countries (China, India, Indonesia, Pakistan). The study collected panel data for the span of 1975 to 2018. This study adopted Panel Cointegration and Granger causality technique. The estimates of panel cointegration confirmed long run cointegration between urbanization, industrialization, economic growth, energy consumption and environmental degradation. In addition, the results confirmed positive impact of energy consumtion and economic growth on CO2 emissions which means that both the variables are harmful for environment in the long term. Furthermore, urbanization as well as industrialization is demonstrating negative influence the emissions of CO2 which suggests urbanization and industrialization not have negative effect environment in the selected countries, in the long term. The results of granger causality test confirm three uni-directional causalities as well as three bi-directional causalities among the variables. On the basis of the study results, efficieny in enrgy use is the must for sustainable development and environment in the selected countries.
Keywords: Urbanization; Energy Consumption; Industrialization; CO2 Emissions; Panel Cointegration and Most Populous Asian Countries.
7Investigating the Effect of (Covid-19) on Fear of Job Insecurity and Psychological Outcomes Moderation Meditational Analysis
Pages: 232-242
Details (406)
The emergence of Corona virus from the city of Wuhan China in December 2019 has seriously affected the countries across the globe. The current try to align the impact of Job insecurity (JIS) and employee’s outcomes through mediating role of psychological contract Breach (PCB) and buffering role of trust in management (TRS). Data was obtained through adopted construct validated in previous literature, and personally administrated technique was used to get appropriate response. Confirmatory factor analysis through CFA as well as Preacher and Hayes statistical procedure was adopted for moderation meditational analysis. Findings depict that PCB intervene the effect of JIS, with Employees emotional Exhaustion (EE), mental and physical health complaints. But didn’t evident for meditational effect of innovative work behavior. Similarly TRS buffer the impact of JIS and employees EE as well as MHC, while could not find evidence for moderating for IWB and physical health complaints. The relationship is based upon social exchange as well as contract theory and Appraisal theory.
Keywords: Job Insecurity, EE, Appraisal Theory, TRS, Mental Health Complaint, IWB.
8Organizational Culture and Innovation: A Study of Banking Sector in Pakistan
Pages: 243-254
Details (484)
The basic purpose of the study is to find out the impact of organizational culture on innovation in the banking sector of Pakistan. For this study, the data was collected manually and online from 309 branch managers, operations managers, and unit heads from 25 scheduled banks through adapted questionnaires with 60 items of organizational culture and 28 items of innovation. The results revealed a positive correlation between organizational culture types (involvement, adaptability and mission) and innovation in banks whereas consistency has negative correlation with innovation in banks. Individual analysis in not taken in the study and no comparisons made between the organizational cultures of different banks.
Keywords: Organizational Culture, Innovation, Involvement, Consistency, Adaptability, Mission.
9Psychological Factors Affecting the Investment Decisions in the Promotion of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) In Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Pages: 255-270
Details (631)
Many authors have recognised that psychological factors influence the decision making of investors in the stock market. However, the SMEs sector always overlooked, but it plays an essential role in economic upsurge. The prime purpose of the current study is to investigate the influence of psychological factors such as confidence, optimism, loss aversion and herding behaviour could affect investment decisions in KP’s SMEs. The pilot study carried out initially. The study surveyed 249 samples through simple random technique through self-administrative questionnaires as previously no questionnaire available. The reliability of the questionnaire is 0.71 Cronbach’s Alpha Static and validity of the questionnaire is checked through Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA). The study uses the descriptive statics, frequency and binary logistic regression used. The mean value of psychological factors is 3.81 shows a high impact on investment decisions, with 66% of investors has shown positive concern over psychological factors and considering it motivational factor for investment decisions. The result binary logistic model revealed that all sub-factors of psychological are positively significant with investment decision except the loss aversion. The probability of investing in the presence of confidence (79.59%), optimism (89.90%), loss aversion (64.29%), herd behaviour (88.37%) and overall psychological factors (80.54%) in KP’s SMEs. Hence it can be concluded that investors are rational and their investment decisions in SME’s at times influence by psychological factors.
Keywords: SMEs, Confidence, Optimism, Loss Aversion, Herding Behaviour, Psychological Factors.
10The Determinants and Forecasting of Petroleum Supply in Pakistan
Pages: 271-280
Details (346)
The main objective of the study is to find out the determinants of petroleum supply and also to forecast the future supply of petroleum in Pakistan for the period of 1972-2018.Johenson Cointegration technique is employed to get the required objective. It is assumed that GFCF, FDI, FOP and Technology are the main determinants of petroleum supply in the country based on past literature. Sign of the coefficient of the variables are in line with theory. The study concludes that GFCF, FOP and Technology are statistically significant determinants of total petroleum supply in Pakistan. The study forecasted the petroleum supply in Pakistan from 2019 to 2030 by using ARIMA model. The results show that average forecast value of total petroleum 11864.3 by 2030. According to the ARIMA forecasted results, there is increasing trend in the supply petroleum products. The finding of the study shows that the price of petroleum and technology has positive impact on total petroleum supply. The results showed that price elasticity of petroleum supply is inelastic. The results of forecasted values showed the increasing trend in supply of petroleum.
Keywords: Petroleum Supply, Determinants and Forecasting, Time Series, Pakistan.
11Multi-Channel Shopping Behavior of Consumers: Fashion and Design Industry of Pakistan
Pages: 281-291
Details (399)
Consumer behavior has undergone transformational changes because of whole range of new products, changing lifestyles, advancements in communication technologies, readily available information, and multiple shopping channels. Specifically, consumers of contemporary era want a shopping ecosystem where they have consistent interaction with brands across multiple channels. However, Despite the benefits that multichannel shopping provides to consumers and the increased availability of products on various channels, multichannel shopping has not yet received widespread acceptance. One of the reasons is consumer’s different perceptions for accepting new technology. Thus, the purpose of current study is to identify the technology acceptance drivers that influence multichannel shopping behavior of consumers. To this end “Unified theory of acceptance and use of technology extended (UTAUT2)”, has been applied. Moreover, UTAUT2 model is modified by an additional variable of perceived risk and its effect has been investigated. Descriptive statistics, reliability, and confirmatory factor analysis was examined through SPSS statistical package, while Amos 22.0 was used for the “Structural Equation Modelling (SEM)”.
Keywords: Technology Adoption, Multichannel Shopping, Perceived Risk, Facilitating Condition, Social Influence, and Effort Expectancy.