Year 2015 , Volume  4, Issue 2, Part 1
1Should Service Retailers Expand Store Network Nationally? Case Study of Cramming School Business in Japan
Pages: 376-385
Details (1228)
The subject of this study is service retailers which need to develop a large number of outlets to grow their business. Though some firms might attempt to expand their outlets by aiming for the numerical target such as 1,000 stores within five years and so on in practical fields, firms seem to find it hard to plan for achieving the target, expanding markets with rootless feeling. The reason for that is relatively little has so far been known regarding how firms should expand their geographic markets according to their growth stage in domestic context with keeping good financial results. The purpose of this study is both to classify geographic forms of store networks in the domestic context and to clarify the relationship between geographic forms of store networks and the corporate performance by analyzing sixteen listed companies operating cramming schools in Japan as an example of service retailer. Main results are (1) Market expansion is categorized into five types: Single dominant, Multiple dominants, No dominants, Centralized national expansion and Decentralized national expansion. (2) Profitability and ROA are the highest in firms which adopt Decentralized national expansion. Key Words: Service Retailers, Store Development, Market Expansion, Financial Performance, Cramming School Service.
2Structural Changes in the Conditions of Agro-Industrial Integration in Post-Soviet Region
Pages: 386-390
Details (967)
In this article we have specified the mutual relations of structural changes in the conditions of agroindustrial integration and intensive development and clarified the role of those relations in intensification. We have estimated the level of adequacy of the taking into account of the development requirements in agrarian structural policy and determined the indicators reflecting realization process of those requirements. The changes in the institutional support, increasing dependence of production structure on the supply-demand factors, expansion of the activities of various types of corporations and unions require the new approach to the evaluation of the sustainability of the agrarian structures. All these aspects have been analyzed. Key Words: Industry, Agriculture, Integration, Agrarian Structure, Sustainable Development.
3Building Patient Loyalty in Healthcare Services
Pages: 391-401
Details (1297)
The purpose of this study is to examine and analyze the effect of patient satisfaction to the patient's trust and patient's loyalty. The research design used survey method with data collection in cross-section through a questionnaire. Sample of 112 patients was drawn by simple random sampling. Data analysis method used in testing the hypothesis is Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The results of the study provide evidence that high patient satisfaction has not been able to increase patient loyalty; higher patient satisfaction has an impact on the high of patient trust. High trust of patients provides a significant effect on patient’s loyalty to healthcare services. Finally the results of the indirect test on patient satisfaction can increase patient loyalty if supported by high patient trust. Key Words: Satisfaction, Trust, Loyalty, Patient, Healthcare.
4The Development of the Proper-Stock Repurchases in France: Role of the Stock-Option Plan
Pages: 402-413
Details (1004)
This study aims to analyze the effect of employee and management stock-options on actual sharerepurchases. We used a sample of 634 French firms belonging to the SBF 250 index during the period between 1999 and 2002. Our results show a strong correlation between stock options with the repurchases. Therefore, it appears that the stock options provide firms with incentives to repurchase shares in order to avoid the earnings dilution that could be caused by option exercise. However, we do not find a strong negative relationship between increase in dividends and management stock options. It seems that management options do not create an incentive to substitute repurchases for dividend growth, although the payment of dividends reduces the value of options held by managers. Key Words: Share Repurchases, Dividend Policy, Stock-Options, Management, Employee.
5Financial Analysis Problems in Specialized Islamic Bank
Pages: 414-421
Details (1331)
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated financial analysis problems in specialized Islamic Bank to evaluate its financial analysis report. It gives less fair result not correct result to customers, shareholders, suppliers and center bank. Search found that financial report with fair result depend on many factors. It showed financial analysis report problems to meet global rules as Basel rules. Specialized Islamic Banks financial analysis have difference factors than traditional Banks financial analysis as result to Islamic rules also it has some factors affect in the same way as in any bank as result to center bank rules. Islamic bank profitability index shows these differences and similarities which need adjusted in financial ratios and financial analysis problems classification. It can be clarified by discuss financial tables accounting data problems to understand financial analysis tools problems. Key Words: Financial Analysis, Islamic bank, Accounting, Problem and Risk.
6Work - Family Conflicts in Apparel Industry of Sri Lanka
Pages: 422-430
Details (1608)
Work - family conflict can be explained as “a form of inter role conflict in which the role burdens from the work and family domains are mutually inappropriate in some traditions”. Family is a small and significant unit of the society. As a person, everyone plays a vital role in their families. The study pertains to empirical investigation of the work – family conflicts in the apparel industry of Sri Lanka. The objectives of the study: to examine relationships between variables and to recognize significance variables of the work – family conflicts in the apparel industry. A sample size consists of 267 respondents. The analytical tools of the study are coefficient of correlation and ANOVA. The study identified those five variables. The work - family social respect is one of the issues in this industry. Work - family conflicts were adversely affected to workers’ performance and dissatisfaction of workers in this industry and it creates absenteeism and labor turnover within the industry. The production process of the apparel industry has dropped from the Sri Lankan economy. The work - family conflicts are invisible issues in the apparel industry of Sri Lanka. Key Words: Work Demand, Stress, Family Commitment, Personal Role and Perception.
7The Impact of Brand Personality on Brand Loyalty: An Empirical Study on Mobile Market at Jordan
Pages: 431-433
Details (1519)
In executing advertising to implement a branding strategy, marketing managers will attempt to ask customers to construct a set of human characteristics that describe the brand personality, which tries to recast consumer's perception of the attributes of a product or service into a human-like character. There are many of consumer express their inner feelings about product or brands in terms of their association with known personalities. Where this study try to allocate the impact of brand personality on brand loyalty which it start with developing a relationship with a brand, where consumer generally buys the same product or services repeatedly over time and customer who have a high relative attitude toward the brand loyalty, our study focused on technological companies operating in Jordan. Key Words: Brand Personality, Brand loyalty, Technology, Jordan.
8The Voter Turnout in Tunisia: Exploration of the Reasons Behind Abstention and The Measures to Improve
Pages: 434-440
Details (1001)
This research presents the first results of a qualitative study dedicated to the electoral abstention. The objective is on the one hand to understand and analyze the reasons behind the abstention of the Tunisian voter and on the other hand, to identify measures to improve the voter turnout. Judging from the results of the study, it seems that the Tunisian citizen can abstain for logistical, circumstantial and religious reasons. These reasons can also be linked with the number of the political parties and the attitude towards the political institutions. This study allows suggesting measures, which are likely to improve the voter turnout like the mandatory vote, the civics programs at school, the relations of trust between the citizen and the political institutions, the access to information about the political parties. Key Words: Electoral Abstention, Reasons for Abstention, Improving The Voter Turnout.
9National Transformation Agenda As A Veritable Tool For Challenges Facing Entrepreneurship Education In Federal Polytechnics In Nigeria: Students Perspectives
Pages: 441-447
Details (1257)
The Nigerian government in her effort to ensure job opportunities for students after graduating from the tertiary institution introduced a compulsory Entrepreneurship Education course into the curriculum of tertiary institutions. The government believed that with the acquisition of entrepreneurship skills, students can set up business enterprises rather than remain jobless for a long period after graduation. This paper focuses on the National Transformation Agenda as a veritable tool on challenges facing entrepreneurship education in Federal Polytechnics in South-West Geo-Political Zone. Three research questions were formulated and a questionnaire tagged “Challenges in Entrepreneurship Education Questionnaire (CEEQ) was designed to obtain data. The sample consisted of 300 students drawn from three Federal Polytechnics. Random sampling technique was used to select 100 students from each of the three Polytechnics. Data collected were analysed using simple percentage and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). The results revealed that entrepreneurship education delivered in Federal Polytechnics in South-West Geo-Political Zones is not challenging enough while lecture method was the prominent way of teaching. It was further revealed that strategies used in the teaching of entrepreneurship education in the polytechnics will not significantly influence students’ attitudes towards self-reliance (f cal = 2.260 < f table = 3.840 < P = .05). Also, the study revealed that to some extent National Transformation Agenda has significant influence on entrepreneurship education in the Polytechnics (f cal = 4.1172 > f table = 3.840 < P = .05). It is therefore recommended that Entrepreneurship Education should be encouraged by managing and delivering the compulsory course in such a way that it will provoke students’ inquisition, knowledge and greater performance and government should provide adequate funding for effective implementation of the Programme. Key Words: Challenges, Entrepreneurship Education, Federal Polytechnics, Students’ Attitude, Self-Reliance.
10Checking the Attitude of Faculty Members in the Application of Modern Educational Technologies and Educational Motivation of Postgraduate Students (Case Study: Islamic Azad University, West Guilan)
Pages: 448-454
Details (994)
This research attempts to present the attitude of faculty members of university who are using this system. So the main research question is checking the attitude of faculty members in the application of modern educational technologies and educational motivation of postgraduate students in the Islamic Azad University in west Guilan. The present research's methodology is consisted of the sectional and correlation method, the field data-collection method and data gathering tools. Population of this study includes faculty members of Islamic Azad University with higher education in Astara, Anzali and Talesh, with the sum of 152 and the sample size was estimated as 109 people. The results of data analysis through SPSS software and the Pearson's correlation test by descriptive and inferential methods, indicates that the hypothesis is verified. That means the attitude of faculty members in the application of modern educational technologies, with the role of mediation in reducing training costs, saving time, learning opportunities academic success, and instant access to information and resources are effective on the postgraduate students' motivation. Key Words: Vision, Modern Educational Technologies, Educational Motivation.